Andreas Rembert Koczulla, MD
Quantification of Alpha-1-Antitrypsin (AAT) in exhaled breath condensate of patients with Alpha-1-Antitrypsin Deficiency, smokers and COPD patients
Alpha-1-Antitrypsin Deficiency (AATD) is a genetic disorder that predisposes to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The main function of Alpha-1-Antitrypsin (AAT) is to protect the lungs against neutrophil elastase. Cigarette smoking is the most important additional risk factor.
Individuals with AAT have a markedly increased risk of severe, early-onset emphysema. It is thought that the increased risk of lung tissue injury is caused by inadequately controlled human leukocyte elastase activity that is released from activated inflammatory cells within the lower respiratory tract. It is difficult to measure the levels of AAT in different compartments of the lung. Bronchoscopy is still the gold standard to assess the bronchial lining fluid. The intrusive method of the endoscopy anticipated higher frequent follow ups in measuring important proteins in the lining fluid. Until now a non invasive method to measure bigger proteins like the 52 kD big AAT in the epithelial lining fluid is missing.
It is the aim of the project to show that AAT is measurable with the non invasive method of exhaled breath condensate (EBC). Measurements will be performed in healthy controls, augmented Alpha-1-Antitrypsin Deficiency patients and COPD patients. In the first part of the project the method of AAT detection in EBC will be standardized and validated.
In a second part pulmonary AAT levels will be correlated with markers of pulmonary inflammation. Finally we assume changes of the AAT levels between control subjects, "healthy" smokers, smoking stable COPD patients and exacerbated COPD patients. In the final part AAT levels will be compared.
The goal is to create a sufficient non invasive tool to measure contents of the epithelial lining fluid to guide therapy in future.
Curriculum Vitae of Andreas Rembert Koczulla
| University Hospital Giessen and Marburg, Marburg, Germany |
Post Doc/Residency, Philipps University Marburg
|1993 - 1999||Medicine Humboldt University Berlin (Charité)|
|1996 - 1997||Charité Grant for the AKH-Vienna, Austria|
|1998 - 1999||Sokrates Grant for the LKH Graz, Austria|
|October 1999||final exam and approbation|
|January 2000 - November 2001|| Internship/residency at the Department of Internal Medicine, University of Munich |
|October 2001|| September: Graduation (magna cum laude) |
|December 2001 -|| Post Doc/Residency in the Department of Pulmonology, Marburg, Germany, Chair Prof. Dr. Vogelmeier |
|October - December 2005||Three month training period in the Department of Pulmonology Leiden University (LUMC), Leiden Netherlands under supervision of Prof. K. Rabe, Prof. P. Hiemstra, Dr. J. Stolk and Prof. P. Sterk|
|March 2005||GSK-Grant/Preis der Deutschen Atemwegsliga|
|July 2006|| eAlta fellowship/Laurell's Training Award |
|Specialties:|| Internal Medicine, Pulmonology |
|Primary research interests:|| Epithelial defence mechanisms, innate immunity, noninvasive diagnostics in respiratory medicine |
|Societies:||Member of the European Respiratory Society (ERS)|
Andreas Rembert Koczulla, MD
University Hospital Giessen and Marburg
Department for Internal Medicine,
Division for Pulmonology Diseases
Telephone: +49 (0) 64 21 / 286 - 27 04
Fax: +49 (0) 64 21 / 286 - 37 04